Thyroid Gland – Physical Exam

Physical Examination of the Thyroid Gland

The thyroid gland sits at the front of the neck and produces endocrine hormones into the bloodstream. Sometimes the gland can produce too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) which results in a patient needing treatment. There are certain signs and symptoms that the patient may present with and it is these that you are examining the patient for in this station.

This video aims to give you an idea of what’s required in the Thyroid Status Examination OSCE.
See the written guide alongside the video here

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Always adhere to your medical schools / local hospital trusts guidelines when performing examinations or clinical procedures. Do NOT perform any examination or procedure on patients based purely upon the content of these videos. Geeky Medics accepts no liability for loss of any kind incurred as a result of reliance upon information provided in this video.

– Thyroid acropachy / Pretibial myxedema – By Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk ( [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
– Exopthalmos – By Jonathan Trobe, M.D. – University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center (The Eyes Have It) [C
– Goitre – By Almazi (talk).Almazi at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons Follow us on Instagram at

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