Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine disorders. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a complex, heterogeneous disorder of uncertain etiology. Both genes and the environment contribute to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Obesity, exacerbated by poor dietary choices and physical inactivity, worsens Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in susceptible individuals. It is thought to be one of the leading causes of female subfertility and the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age.
The principal features are anovulation, resulting in irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, ovulation-related infertility, and polycystic ovaries; excessive amounts or effects of androgenic hormones, resulting in acne and hirsutism; and insulin resistance, often associated with obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and high cholesterol levels.The symptoms and severity of the syndrome vary greatly among affected women.
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