Pharmacology – DIURETICS (MADE EASY)

Topics covered include: kidney function, physiology of nephron and urine production; afferent arteriole, Bowman’s capsule, glomerulus, efferent arteriole, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, descending limb, ascending limb, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct, principal cells, intercalated cells, aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone, reabsorption, secretion; Mechanism of action of diuretic drugs aka water pills and their side effects; carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, loop diuretics, thiazide diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, and osmotic diuretics. Diuretics mentioned include; Acetazolamide, Bumetanide, Ethacrynic acid, Furosemide, Torsemide, Chlorothiazide, Chlorthalidone, Hydrochlorothiazide, Indapamide, Metolazone, Amiloride, Eplerenone, Spironolactone, Triamterene, Mannitol, and Urea.

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