Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis) – causes, types, diagnosis, pathology

What are kidney stones? Kidney stones form when certain particles in the urine precipitate out and crystallize. Calcium oxalate stones are most common, but there’re also uric acid stones, struvite stones, and other less common stones. Subscribe – https://goo.gl/w5aaaV. More videos – https://goo.gl/UhOKiM. Support us on Patreon – https://goo.gl/ZGHEk4.

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Pathophysiology (Copstead), 5th Ed.
Pathoma
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperuricosuria
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/437096-overview#a4
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/983759-overview?pa=mHkSHsMAn4BUDmp1GR5wZUSCN%2BIU9l2uAlb5Gq0bCDJDTGblqxPef0hGC7ukEdbt1dOnZzCQ2omtM3%2BmeMtUTc5tQIqSBXMeLFS1IOzvhsM%3D#a5
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/439127-overview#a8
http://www.uptodate.com/contents/uric-acid-balance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Struvite
https://radiopaedia.org/articles/jackstone-calculus
https://radiopaedia.org/cases/mid-ureteric-calculus

Credits:
Audio/visuals: Tanner Marshall, MS
Script: Tanner Marshall, MS
Editor: Rishi Desai, MD, MPH

Attributions:
Jackstone calculus radiograph by Dr. Henry Knipe – https://radiopaedia.org/cases/44129
Water drop sound effect by Mike Koenig – http://soundbible.com/384-Single-Water-Droplet.html
Dropping pebble sound effect by jorickhoofd – http://www.freesound.org/people/jorickhoofd/sounds/160119/

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