Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis) – causes, types, diagnosis, pathology

What are kidney stones? Kidney stones form when certain particles in the urine precipitate out and crystallize. Calcium oxalate stones are most common, but there’re also uric acid stones, struvite stones, and other less common stones. Subscribe – More videos – Support us on Patreon –

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Pathophysiology (Copstead), 5th Ed.

Audio/visuals: Tanner Marshall, MS
Script: Tanner Marshall, MS
Editor: Rishi Desai, MD, MPH

Jackstone calculus radiograph by Dr. Henry Knipe –
Water drop sound effect by Mike Koenig –
Dropping pebble sound effect by jorickhoofd –

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