Synapse Structure – Neuroanatomy Basics

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Anatomy tutorial on the basic structure of the synapse. This video doesn’t cover action potential generation or detailed mechanisms of neurotransmission – this will be covered in separate physiology videos.

The structures we look at in this video are:
– chemical synapse vs electrical synapse
– axon
– terminal bouton/synaptic bouton
– voltage-gated calcium channels
– synaptic vesicles
– neurotransmitter, acetylcholine
– exocytosis
– presynaptic membrane, postsynaptic membrane
– synaptic cleft
– postsynaptic receptors
– neuromuscular junction

This video tutorial was created using images from our partners at OpenStax College, these images can be downloaded free from: http://cnx.org/contents/14fb4ad7-39a1-4eee-ab6e-3ef2482e3e22@6.11

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